A gauze swab is a common tool used in the medical field and is found in most first aid kits. It is a white, sterile piece of material that is primarily made of cotton and is commonly used along with an antibacterial cream or ointment to clean and cover open cuts or wounds. Gauze is generally distributed in prepackaged singles that frequently contain two sterilized gauze swabs.
Before administering any common first aid kit accessory such as gauze swabs to an injured person, one should assess the severity of the injury. Any moderate-to-severe injuries should be treated by a medical doctor. When applying gauze to a minor wound, one should inspect the gauze package before use to ensure that the package is intact. One should not administer any gauze that has not been stored in a sterilized intact package, because there is a risk of infection.